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Winnebago County, Wisconsin Genealogy and History

Home » Wisconsin Counties and Towns » Winnebago County

Established: 1840
County Seat: Oshkosh
Parent: Territorial County

* Records before the establishment of the county may be in the parent records.

Neighboring Counties

From: Handbook of Wisconsin by S. Silas, 1855

WINNEBAO (sic)--Population 17,436 (1855).

pg. 109-110

Is on the west side of the Lake of the same name, and from its location, has the best advantage of inland commerce of any County in Wisconsin. Into this Lake flows the Fox, the largest and most easily navigated river in the State. The Wolf, the main stream instead of the Upper Fox, is also navigable for a great distance, and the increased business prophecies a large trade to centre around Lake Winnebago. The soil of the County is excellent; the eastern part, along the Lake Shore, is heavily timbered; the western, prairie and openings. The region along the Fox is marsh, extending from half to two miles back, and in no case, in its whole course through the County, has it high banks on both sides, except at Oshkosh. There is some Government land not yet taken.

Oshkosh is the County Seat, and the largest place in the State north of Fond du Lac. It is near the mouth of the Fox, and well situated to command a large trade. Several steam saw mills are located here, and along the Lake Shore employed in manufacturing lumber from logs floated down the Wolf.

Winneconne, on the Wolf, at the only crossing place, on account of the marsh, has a good bridge for crossing, and is a growing village.

Neenah and Menasha, on opposite sides of the Fox, at its outlet, are both places of note, and flourishing. The Fox is here divided into two streams, by Doty's Island, on both sides of which are falls, creating good and abundant power, which are partly improved for manufacturing purposes. The Fox River Improvement has its lower terminus at Menasha. This improvement consists in building canals around some of the rapids, and by creating slack water above them, thus rendering the whole stream navigable from Lake Winnebago to Green Bay.

The Green Bay district land office is at Menash (sic), and the whole of Winnebago County is in that district.

General Genealogy and History Links

This section contains links to websites that have multiple databases or webpages with genealogical information.

Vital Records

Birth, Death, & Marriage Records:
Earliest Registration Dates*:
Births 1876
Deaths 1876
Marriages 1860

Winnebago Register of Deeds
415 Jackson St., P.O. Box 2808
Oshkosh, WI 54901-4751
Telephone: (920) 236-4882

  • Oshkosh Area Vital Records - Vital records as reported in Oshkosh Wisconsin newspapers from 1861-present. Index covers primarily those records published in the Oshkosh Northwestern newspaper, founded as a weekly in 1861. From 1868 to 1909 both daily and weekly editions were printed. -
  • Pre-1907 Vital Records Index at the Wisconsin Historical Society - Pre-1907 Vital Records Index at the Wisconsin Historical Society. Search for births, deaths and marriages. -

Cemetery and Obituary Links

Court Records - Naturalizations and Probate

Census Links

Censuses contain valuable information about families. This section contains links to transcribed censuses, census indexes or census images for the county.

Residents of the County

This section contains links to family tree websites, biographies and information about individuals that lived in the county.

Area History

This section contains links of published histories and historical information about the county, its villages, cities or towns. Sometimes within these histories is information about founders, or other people that settled in the area. It may also include ethnic or religious histories of the communities.

Maps and Atlases


Societies, Libraries and Offline Resources